Over 100,000 pilgrims come to Lalibela to celebrate both the Orthodox Ethiopian Christmas and King Lalibela and we are here..
Ayu drove us up to the area of the rock churches where we met our guide, Zerdu. We started walking towards the churches. This is the day before the Ethiopian Christmas. There were pilgrims everywhere.
They were sitting all over the ground.
These two women were sitting under a tree.
They were mostly dressed in white. I love taking photos of their faces.
We had to wait for Zerdu to buy our tickets so that we could enter the churches.
Many pilgrims were standing on the walls.
We knew we would have to get into lines with the pilgrims waiting to get into one of the churches.
They were so jammed together and we had to follow them.. This was going to be quite a day.
It was hard for Jane, Sue, and I to stay together with Zerdu. There were many stairs to go down and there were shoes left all over the stairs. (You can’t enter a church wearing shoes.
I asked Zerdu how all of these people ever found their own shoes and he told me that when they leave the church, they just take any pair that fits them.
There are actually 11 rock-hewed churches in Lalibela. They date back to the 11th and 12th centuries. Their building is attributed to King Lalibela who set out to construct in the 12th century a ‘New Jerusalem’ after God apparently appeared to him in a dream after Muslim conquests halted Christian pilgrimages to the holy Land. Many of the churches are names after churches in Jerusalem. The city is, of course, name after King Lalibela.
The churches we visited in the last few days were carved into a mountain (semi-monolithic). The churches in Lalibela were hewn from the living rock of monolithic blocks. These blocks were further chiselled out, forming doors, windows, columns, various floors, roofs etc. This gigantic work was further completed with an extensive system of drainage ditches, trenches and ceremonial passages, some with openings to hermit caves and catacombs. Amazingly, they only had hand tools like hammers and chisels.
Their building is attributed to King Lalibela who set out to construct in the 12th century a ‘New Jerusalem’ after God apparently appeared to him in a dream after Muslim conquests halted Christian pilgrimages to the holy Land They only had primitive tools like hammers and chisels, etc. It is really unbelievable.
It would have been much easier to take photos of both the inside and outside of these incredible churches at another time of the year when all of the pilgrims were not there. But it is the pilgrims that made the experience so wonderful.
This of the top of the Church of Bete Giyorgis (Church of St. George). It is in the shape of a cross.
You can see one of the original drainpipes that was installed on the top of St. George. They are on three sides. Because they church is higher on the 4th side there was no need for one. It is amazing how brilliant they were at the time these churches were carved out of the rock.
And this shows a side view of Bete Giyorgis
I think these are of Bete Medhame Alem
UNESCO coevered Bet Amanuel (Church of Emanuel) with a metal covering. The people of Lalibela are not happy with this because it really distracts from the beauty of the church. I agree with them.
This round structures are in the style of King Lalibela’s house. The pilgrims who arrive days in advance get to stay in these houses. All of the others sleep on the ground all around the churches.
I think this “Fertility Pool” is still used. It is believed that it helps women who are having trouble conceiving a child. It is very deep and women are lowered into it.
In one of the churches, this priest was blessing people. He is holding a special cross.
The ceiling, pillars, and inside of the arches were amazing.
To enter each church, we had to patiently wait in very long, packed lines.
Zerdu actually was able to get us a place under the tent cover for an incredible experience. The priests and deacons of the church were gathering for a celebration. We arrived early to get a place and watched as they greeted each other. They brought out special drums and sistrum. There were very few other visitors. The ceremony was being broadcast throughout the area and on TV.
This is the High Priest of Lalibela.
Here he is blessing one of the many that he blessed.
This is one of the special drums.
Here are 3 of the chairs the priests used.
One of the priests let me photograph his sistrum.
The priests sat around and talked with each other.
A bell was rung to let everybody know it was time to begin.
There were other priests from many areas. Here are a couple others with the High Priest of Lalibela.
The singing began.
The drumming began
A few of the people who were standing next to me left with their guide. But Zerdu encouraged us to stay longer.
Then the dancing began. The high priests moved back and forth across the floor ad they raised their prayer sticks and played their sistrum.
One of the priests who were watching with us gave me his prayer stick and sistum. What fun.
And the bowing, drumming, chanting, and dancing continued.
Zerdu finally said it was time for us to leave.
To get out we had to walk across this grating.
We continued walking through the area where the pilgrims were camping. Zerdu told us that the people of Lalibela prepare food (all vegan) for the other pilgrims to eat at a very low cost to them.
We continued walking through the area. These people are selling prayer sticks.
For a bit of fun, Susan pointed out these pilgrims with Santa hats.
My favorite photos are still the ones of their beautiful faces.
We continued walking with the crowds to another church
We had to walk though a tunnel.
Before we entered the next church, we had so much fun watching the women dancing and chanting outside the church
I did not get photos of the inside of the church.
Zerdu then explained that there was another church but we would have to go through another tunnel to get to it. Normally it would take less than 15 minutes, but today it would take over 1½ hours. We, of course decided not to go.
On our way back to the jeep, I got a close-up of one of those typical houses.
After dinner we went back for the evening celebration.
We again walked through the crowds of pilgrims.
Many of them were sleeping so that they could be ready to go to the early morning Mass.
This man was selling torches to take to the celebration.
It was very, very difficult to walk over the uneven ground, up uneven stone steps, over that grating we had crossed in the morning and maneuver through the massive crowds. But Zerdu got us to a place where we could actually watch the celebration. We were standing way up high but could still see.
I actually found a space to sit down.
I think I could have stayed for at least another hour, but Jane and Sue were standing and really wanted to go back to the hotel.
On the way out I took a photo of these other pilgrims watching.
What an amazing experience. Zerdu was a fantastic guide. I know we could have had much more time to experience and photograph the churches in Lalibela if we had come when it wasn’t so crowded, but I loved the experience of being here with these devoted people.